Where We Treat Just to give an idea of the structures we aim to treat so as to restore; normal alignment normal function (range and feel of movement) normal health of tissues Peripheral joints (so-called because they lie outside the spine) are also heavily influenced by spinal function. The hip joint (shown here) is a good example, because it works closely with the low lumbar area. Spinal discs get into trouble in lots of ways, through too much sitting, smoking, genetics, illness, a sudden vigorous movement, and simple ageing. We can help disc health through improving the function of the surrounding spine and through relevant advice. Spinal nerves exit the spinal column between two vertebrae, passing through a bony tunnel, then through various structures en-route to the area of skin and muscle they supply. Being pinched or compressed is possible at any stage of this journey, but especially as they leave the spine. Spinal facet joints are the joints that connect two adjacent vertebrae. You have one on each side at each level of the spine. They are very important for normal spinal movement and when they get sore, or stuck, cause significant problems. Tendons and ligaments may be quite simple ‘rope-like’ structures compared to muscles, but they can be a significant cause of pain, especially if their normal alignment is compromised. Muscles can cause problems through being too weak, or too tense, or spasm, or even by being directly injured (a muscle tear). All these problems can be helped by treatments designed to calm down and re-integrate spinal movement.